The Georgia-born Robinson was a member of the Negro League when he was recruited by Dodgers VP, Branch Rickey, to help integrate the game of baseball. After playing a few seasons for the Dodgers farm team, Robinson made history on April 15, 1947, when he played his first game for the Brooklyn Dodgers in Ebbets Field. That same year he was named the National League Rookie of the Year and, in 1949, he was its MVP. With Robinson on the team, the Dodgers won 6 pennants in 10 years. That’s not to say Robinson didn’t have to fight his way to the top, pushing back against racial attitudes of the times. Ultimately, he was accepted by fans and teammates alike with Pee Wee Reese being the first of Robinson’s teammates to publicly show support. In a telling incident --and a nod to Robinson’s playing skills -- Dodgers manager Leo Durocher once told the team that he “would sooner trade them that Robinson.” After playing his last game in 1957, Robinson’s #42 was retired and, in 1962, Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.
Robinson -- who suffered from diabetes -- died from a heart attack at the age of 53 on October 24, 1972. A day after his death, Robinson lay in repose in the now defunct Duncan Brothers Funeral Home in Harlem, an establishment chosen so that the people Robinson inspired could more easily come to pay their respects. By the time the funeral home’s visitation began at 1:15 PM, 200 people were already waiting behind police barricades in a line which stretched around the corner. For hours, mourners filed past the silver-blue casket bedecked with a blanket of red roses. Late in the day, Robinson’s body was moved to Riverside Church for another day of public visitation.
On the day of Robinson’s funeral, tens of thousands lined the streets of Harlem and Bedford Stuyvesant to watch the mile long cortege to Cypress Hills Cemetery. Robinson was laid to rest along with his son and namesake, Jackie Robinson Jr., who was killed in a car accident a year earlier. Robinson’s grave on Jackie Robinson Way, is not far from the Jackie Robinson Parkway which was renamed in his honor in 1998. The day after Robinson’s funeral, the New York Times headline proclaimed: Jackie Goes Home to Brooklyn: Baseball's First Black Given a Hero's Burial.
You can read more about Robinson in The boys of Summer by Roger Kahn and Teammates by Peter Golenbock.